CLASS IX CBSE AND FOUNDATION COURSE
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Science Class 9 Syllabus
Course Structure
First Term Units  Marks  
I.  Matter  Its Nature & Behaviour  29 
II.  Organisation in Living World  18 
III.  Motion, Force and Work  30 
V.  Food; Food Production  13 
Total  90  
Second Term Units  Marks  
I.  Matter  Its Nature & Behaviour  18 
II.  Organisation in Living World  26 
III.  Motion, Force and Work  36 
IV.  Our Environment  10 
Total  90 
First Term Units
Unit I: Matter  Nature and Behaviour
Definition of matter; solid, liquid and gas; characteristics  shape, volume, density; change of statemelting (absorption of heat), freezing, evaporation (cooling by evaporation), condensation, sublimation.Nature of matter: Elements, compounds and mixtures. Heterogenous and homogenous mixtures, colloids and suspensions.
Unit II: Organization in the Living World
Cell  Basic Unit of life: Cell as a basic unit of life; prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, multicellular organisms; cell membrane and cell wall, cell organelles; chloroplast, mitochondria, vacuoles, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus; nucleus, chromosomes  basic structure, number.Tissues, Organs, Organ System, Organism: Structure and functions of animal and plant tissues (four types in animals; meristematic and permanent tissues in plants).
Unit III: Motion, Force and Work
Motion: Distance and displacement, velocity; uniform and nonuniform motion along a straight line; acceleration, distancetime and velocitytime graphs for uniform motion and uniformly accelerated motion, equations of motion by graphical method; elementary idea of uniform circular motion.Force and Newton's laws: Force and motion, Newton's laws of motion, inertia of a body, inertia and mass, momentum, force and acceleration. Elementary idea of conservation of momentum, action and reaction forces.
Gravitation: Gravitation; universal law of gravitation, force of gravitation of the earth (gravity), acceleration due to gravity; mass and weight; free fall.
Unit V: Food Production
Plant and animal breeding and selection for quality improvement and management; use of fertilizers, manures; protection from pests and diseases; organic farming.Second Term Units
Unit I: Matter  Its Nature and Behaviour
Particle nature, basic units: atoms and molecules. Law of constant proportions. Atomic and molecular masses.Mole Concept: Relationship of mole to mass of the particles and numbers. Valency. Chemical formula of common compounds.
Structure of atom: Electrons, protons and neutrons; Isotopes and isobars.
Unit II: Organization in the Living World
Biological Diversity: Diversity of plants and animals  basic issues in scientific naming, basis of classification. Hierarchy of categories / groups, Major groups of plants (salient features) (Bacteria, Thalophyta, Bryo phyta, Pteridophyta, gymnosperms and Angiosperms). Major groups of animals (salient features) (Nonchordates upto phyla and chordates upto classes).Health and Diseases: Health and its failure. Infectious and Noninfectious diseases, their causes and manifestation. Diseases caused by microbes (Virus, Bacteria and protozoans) and their prevention, Principles of treatment and prevention. Pulse Polio programmes.
Unit III: Motion, Force and Work
Floatation: Thrust and pressure. Archimedes' principle, buoyancy, elementary idea of relative density.Work, energy and power: Work done by a force, energy, power; kinetic and potential energy; law of conservation of energy.
Sound: Nature of sound and its propagation in various media, speed of sound, range of hearing in humans; ultrasound; reflection of sound; echo and SONAR. Structure of the human ear (auditory aspect only).
Unit IV: Our environment
Physical resources: Air, Water, Soil. Air for respiration, for combustion, for moderating temperatures; movements of air and its role in bringing rains across India. Air, water and soil pollution (brief introduction). Holes in ozone layer and the probable damages.Biogeo chemical cycles in nature: Water, oxygen, carbon and nitrogen.
First Term Practicals
1. To test (a) the presence of starch in the given food sample, (b) the presence of the adulterant metanil yellow in dal.2. To prepare:
 a) a true solution of common salt, sugar and alum
 b) a suspension of soil, chalk powder and fine sand in water
 c) a colloidal solution of starch in water and egg albumin/milk in water and distinguish between these on the basis of
 transparency
 filtration criterion
 stability
 a) a mixture
 b) a compound
 i. appearance, i.e., homogeneity and heterogeneity
 ii. behaviour towards a magnet
 iii. behaviour towards carbon disulphide as a solvent
 iv. effect of heat
 a. Iron with copper sulphate solution in water
 b. Burning of magnesium in air
 c. Zinc with dilute sulphuric acid
 d. Heating of copper sulphate
 e. Sodium sulphate with barium chloride in the form of their solutions in water
6. To identify parenchyma and sclerenchyma tissues in plants, striped muscle fibers and nerve cells in animals, from prepared slides and to draw their labeled diagrams.
7. To separate the components of a mixture of sand, common salt and ammonium chloride (or camphor) by sublimation.
8. To determine the melting point of ice and the boiling point of water.
9. To establish relationship between weight of a rectangular wooden block lying on a horizontal table and the minimum force required to just move it using a spring balance.
10. To determine the mass percentage of water imbibed by raisins.
Second Term Practicals
1. To verify the Laws of reflection of sound.2. To determine the density of solid (denser than water) by using a spring balance and a measuring cylinder.
3. To establish the relation between the loss in weight of a solid when fully immersed in
 a. tap water
 b. strongly salty water, with the weight of water displaced by it by taking at least two different solids.
5. To determine the velocity of a pulse propagated through a stretched string/slinky.
6. To study the characteristic of Spirogyra/Agaricus, Moss/Fern, Pinus ( either with male or female cone) and an Angiospermic plant. Draw and give two identifying features of the groups they belong to.
7. To observe the given pictures/charts/models of earthworm, cockroach, bony fish and bird. For each organism, draw their
picture and record:
 a. one specific feature of its phylum.
 b. one adaptive feature with reference to its habitat.
9. To study the external features of root, stem, leaf and flower of monocot and dicot plants.
10. To study the life cycle of mosquito.
CBSE Class 9 Mathematics Syllabus
First Term Units
Unit  Marks  
I  Number System  17 
II  Algebra  25 
III  Geometry  37 
IV  Coordinate Geometry  6 
V  Mensuration  5 
Total  90 
Second Term Units
Unit  Marks  
II  Algebra (contd.)  16 
III  Geometry (contd.)  38 
V  Mensuration (contd.)  18 
VI  Statistics  10 
VII  Probability  8 
Total  90 
First Term Syllabus
UNIT I: NUMBER SYSTEMS
1. REAL NUMBERS Review of representation of natural numbers, integers, rational numbers on the number line. Representation of terminating / nonterminating recurring decimals, on the number line through successive magnification. Rational numbers as recurring/terminating decimals.
 Examples of nonrecurring / nonterminating decimals. Existence of nonrational numbers (irrational numbers) such as √2, √3 and their representation on the number line. Explaining that every real number is represented by a unique point on the number line and conversely, every point on the number line represents a unique real number.
 Existence of √x for a given positive real number x (visual proof to be emphasized).
 Definition of nth root of a real number.
 Recall of laws of exponents with integral powers. Rational exponents with positive real bases (to be done by particular cases, allowing learner to arrive at the general laws.)
 Rationalization (with precise meaning) of real numbers of the type 1/(a+b√x) and 1/(√x+√y) (and their combinations) where x and y are natural number and a and b are integers.
UNIT II: ALGEBRA
1. POLYNOMIALSDefinition of a polynomial in one variable, with examples and counter examples. Coefficients of a polynomial, terms of a polynomial and zero polynomial. Degree of a polynomial. Constant, linear, quadratic and cubic polynomials. Monomials, binomials, trinomials. Factors and multiples. Zeros of a polynomial. Motivate and State the Remainder Theorem with examples. Statement and proof of the Factor Theorem. Factorization of ax^{2} + bx + c, a ≠ 0 where a, b and c are real numbers, and of cubic polynomials using the Factor Theorem.
Recall of algebraic expressions and identities. Further verification of identities of the type (x + y + z)^{2} = x^{2}+ y^{2} + z^{2} + 2xy + 2yz + 2zx, (x ± y)^{3} = x^{3} ± y^{3} ± 3xy (x ± y), x³ ± y³ = (x ± y) (x² ± xy + y²), x^{3} + y^{3} + z^{3}  3xyz = (x + y + z) (x^{2} + y^{2} + z^{2}  xy  yz  zx) and their use in factorization of polynomials. Simple expressions reducible to these polynomials.
UNIT III: GEOMETRY
1. INTRODUCTION TO EUCLID'S GEOMETRYHistory  Geometry in India and Euclid's geometry. Euclid's method of formalizing observed phenomenon into rigorous mathematics with definitions, common/obvious notions, axioms/postulates and theorems. The five postulates of Euclid. Equivalent versions of the fifth postulate. Showing the relationship between axiom and theorem, for example:
 (Axiom) 1. Given two distinct points, there exists one and only one line through them.
 (Theorem) 2. (Prove) Two distinct lines cannot have more than one point in common.
 (Motivate) If a ray stands on a line, then the sum of the two adjacent angles so formed is 180° and the converse.
 (Prove) If two lines intersect, vertically opposite angles are equal.
 (Motivate) Results on corresponding angles, alternate angles, interior angles when a transversal intersects two parallel lines.
 (Motivate) Lines which are parallel to a given line are parallel.
 (Prove) The sum of the angles of a triangle is 180°.
 (Motivate) If a side of a triangle is produced, the exterior angle so formed is equal to the sum of the two interior opposite angles.
 (Motivate) Two triangles are congruent if any two sides and the included angle of one triangle is equal to any two sides and the included angle of the other triangle (SAS Congruence).
 (Prove) Two triangles are congruent if any two angles and the included side of one triangle is equal to any two angles and the included side of the other triangle (ASA Congruence).
 (Motivate) Two triangles are congruent if the three sides of one triangle are equal to three sides of the other triangle (SSS Congruence).
 (Motivate) Two right triangles are congruent if the hypotenuse and a side of one triangle are equal (respectively) to the hypotenuse and a side of the other triangle.
 (Prove) The angles opposite to equal sides of a triangle are equal.
 (Motivate) The sides opposite to equal angles of a triangle are equal.
 (Motivate) Triangle inequalities and relation between 'angle and facing side' inequalities in triangles.
UNIT IV: COORDINATE GEOMETRY
1. COORDINATE GEOMETRYThe Cartesian plane, coordinates of a point, names and terms associated with the coordinate plane, notations, plotting points in the plane.
UNIT V: MENSURATION
1. AREASArea of a triangle using Heron's formula (without proof) and its application in finding the area of a quadrilateral.
Second Term Syllabus
The text of OTBA for SAII will be from Unit  III, Chapter 4, QuadrilateralsUNIT II: ALGEBRA (Contd.)
2. LINEAR EQUATIONS IN TWO VARIABLESRecall of linear equations in one variable. Introduction to the equation in two variables. Focus on linear equations of the type ax+by+c=0. Prove that a linear equation in two variables has infinitely many solutions and justify their being written as ordered pairs of real numbers, plotting them and showing that they seem to lie on a line. Examples, problems from real life, including problems on Ratio and Proportion and with algebraic and graphical solutions being done simultaneously.
UNIT III: GEOMETRY (Contd.)
4. QUADRILATERALS (Prove) The diagonal divides a parallelogram into two congruent triangles.
 (Motivate) In a parallelogram opposite sides are equal, and conversely.
 (Motivate) In a parallelogram opposite angles are equal, and conversely.
 (Motivate) A quadrilateral is a parallelogram if a pair of its opposite sides is parallel and equal.
 (Motivate) In a parallelogram, the diagonals bisect each other and conversely.
 (Motivate) In a triangle, the line segment joining the mid points of any two sides is parallel to the third side and (motivate) its converse.
Review concept of area, recall area of a rectangle.
 (Prove) Parallelograms on the same base and between the same parallels have the same area.
 (Motivate) Triangles on the same (or equal base) base and between the same parallels are equal in area.
Through examples, arrive at definitions of circle related concepts, radius, circumference, diameter, chord, arc, secant, sector, segment subtended angle.
 (Prove) Equal chords of a circle subtend equal angles at the center and (motivate) its converse.
 (Motivate) The perpendicular from the center of a circle to a chord bisects the chord and conversely, the line drawn through the center of a circle to bisect a chord is perpendicular to the chord.
 (Motivate) There is one and only one circle passing through three given noncollinear points.
 (Motivate) Equal chords of a circle (or of congruent circles) are equidistant from the center (or their respective centers) and conversely.
 (Prove) The angle subtended by an arc at the center is double the angle subtended by it at any point on the remaining part of the circle.
 (Motivate) Angles in the same segment of a circle are equal.
 (Motivate) If a line segment joining two points subtends equal angle at two other points lying on the same side of the line containing the segment, the four points lie on a circle.
 (Motivate) The sum of either of the pair of the opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral is 180° and its converse.
 Construction of bisectors of line segments and angles of measure 60°, 90°, 45° etc., equilateral triangles.
 Construction of a triangle given its base, sum/difference of the other two sides and one base angle.
 Construction of a triangle of given perimeter and base angles.
UNIT V: MENSURATION (Contd.)
2. SURFACE AREAS AND VOLUMESSurface areas and volumes of cubes, cuboids, spheres (including hemispheres) and right circular cylinders/cones.